GM Basics

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Essential Facts

GMO Myths and Truths   Experts examine the evidence on GM crops, 2014. Printed 2016 version also. Recommended
http://gmomythsandtruths.earthopensource.org/
The GM Dirty Dozen   12 reasons to avoid GM crops (concise, well-referenced) 2013
http://anhinternational.org/wp-content/uploads/old/sites/default/files/130626-ANH_GM-Dirty-Dozen_FIN.pdf [341K]
Don't Look, Don't Find: Health Hazards of GM Food   Critical review of research 2013
http://www.gmoseralini.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/GM_Food1.pdf   [5.5M]
Environmental & health impacts of GM crops  2011 science update, with references
http://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/Global/eu-unit/reports-briefings/2011%20pubs/9/Health%20and%20Environmental%20Impacts%20of%20GM%20crops.pdf [77K]
Smell a Rat?  expands on food safety research and evidence of poor regulation - Soil Ass. 2007
http://gmwatch.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5679
State of the Science: health risks of GM foods  Useful summary (US) 2010
http://responsibletechnology.org/docs/145.pdf  [1592K]
GM animal feed  FoE briefing May 2006
http://www.foe.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/gm_animal_feeds.pdf  [181K]
Do we need GM?  links to catalogue of problems solved without using GM - Recommended
http://www.gmwatch.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12862
GM and drought tolerance  Briefing examines industry claims & sustainable alternatives
http://www.gmfreeze.org/site_media/uploads/publications/drought_briefing_final.pdf  [241K]
The safety of GE Foods:  Reasons to expect hazards  Introduction to issues, by physicians & scientists, 2000
http://web.archive.org/web/20160416093130/http://www.psrast.org/defknfood.htm
The Great Food Gamble   GM food safety (Friends of the Earth)
http://www.foe.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/great_food_gamble.pdf  [563K]
Potential health effects of foods from GM plants   Report finds poor risk assessment & regulation
http://www.biosafety-info.net/pubart.php?pid=67   (Pusztai/Bardocz 2011)
How Genetic Engineering Differs From Conventional Breeding   (Dr Michael Hansen, 2000)
http://consumersunion.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Wide-Crosses.pdf  [125K]
Clones & GM Animals  overview by Food & Water Watch (and factsheet, 2010) Recommended
http://www.foodandwatereurope.org/food-and-agriculture/cloned-animals-and-gm-animals/
Nontarget Effects of GM  explains how unintended side-effects arise - Recommended
http://natureinstitute.org/nontarget/
Resistance is growing  The spread of weeds resistant to herbicides used with GMHT crops
http://www.gmfreeze.org/site_media/uploads/publications/resistance_full_Briefing_final.pdf [378K]
Horizontal Gene Transfer  The hidden hazards of genetic engineering (Dr Mae Wan Ho)
http://www.biosafety-info.net/article.php?aid=202
The Promise of Plant Biotechnology - the threat ...   (Prof Patrick Brown)
https://www.saynotogmos.org/scientists_speak.htm#patrick_brown
The Precautionary Principle   (Prof Peter Saunders)
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/prec.php
Failings of Genetic Engineering  Greenpeace briefings and news
http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/agriculture/problem/genetic-engineering/failings-of-ge/
Feeding or Fooling the World?  Can GM really feed the hungry? (2002)
http://www.gmfreeze.org/site_media/uploads/publications/Feed_Fool_World.pdf  [210K]

Key Developments

GM crops and foods in Britain and Europe   Good summary of situation in 2014, ongoing
http://www.genewatch.org/sub-568547
GM food and crops: what next?   Useful 2003 summary of UK/European issues (but still relevant)
http://ecoforth.org.uk/gm/cgmfoepb.htm
Review of developments in 2004  Genetic technology overview by GeneWatch  [117K]
http://www.genewatch.org/uploads/f03c6d66a9b354535738483c1c3d49e4/Brief30.pdf
Scientific Publication in Peril  Using different standards distorts GMO toxicity studies (2014)
http://www.sgr.org.uk/resources/scientific-publication-peril-seralini-affair
The L-tryptophan tragedy  GE food supplement caused 37 deaths, 1500 disabled in US
http://web.archive.org/web/20160324061702/http://www.psrast.org/jftrypt.htm    (see also In-Depth)
Labelling of GM Food and Animal Feed   UK Regulations introduced May 2004
http://www.food.gov.uk/science/novel/gm/gm-labelling
Farm Scale GM Trials   Soil Association introductory briefing, June 2003
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.soilassociation.org
Evaluating the Farm Scale Trials   Soil Association evidence to Environmental Audit Nov 2003
http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.soilassociation.org
GM Crops? Coexistence and Liability  AEBC report to Government 25/11/03
http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100419143351/http://www.aebc.gov.uk/aebc/reports/coexistence_liability.shtml
Application to approve GM maize seed in UK   'Chardon LL'/T25, withdrawn in UK, Europe allows
http://web.archive.org/web/20030225063109/http://www.defra.gov.uk/planth/pvs/gmrep1.htm
Agrofuels: a reality check   2007 paper examines serious side-effects of biofuel production [366K]
http://www.econexus.info/sites/econexus/files/Agrofuels.pdf
A million voices for a GE-free future   Petition to European Commission 9/12/10
http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/agriculture/solution-ecological-farming/EU-Petition/
Protest against Norwich potato trial   "Blight resistant" GM strain decried as unneeded 23/7/11
http://www.gmwatch.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13336
Synthetic life - too much, too soon?   Introduction to 'Synthetic Biology'
http://www.sgr.org.uk/resources/synthetic-life-too-much-too-soon

Current Pointers

GM Watch  Highly recommended, indispensable for news, facts, reports, archives, videos
http://www.gmwatch.org
GM Freeze  Active UK campaign, with info on GM in shops, topical briefings & newsletter
http://www.gmfreeze.org
GM-free Scotland  Active campaign group based in Glasgow; stimulating articles
http://gmfreescotland.blogspot.co.uk
Stop the Crop  Europe wide anti-GM campaign with agri-environment focus (CEO/FOEE)
http://www.stopthecrop.org
Friends of the Earth Europe GMO Campaign  Essential news on the UK & European scene
http://www.foeeurope.org/gmos
Genetically Modified Food   campaign by Friends of the Earth (UK)
http://www.foe.co.uk/community/campaigns/healthy_planet/gm_index
International GM Contamination Register  Incidents listed by Greenpeace and GeneWatch
http://www.gmcontaminationregister.org
Stop GE trees campaign  Introduction to hazards of GE trees, also as biofuels
http://globaljusticeecology.org/our-no-ge-trees-program/
Greenpeace International GE campaign  Briefings, news, actions
http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/agriculture/
GM Free Cymru  assertive Welsh campaign, articulate on European issues
http://www.gmfreecymru.org.uk
GM-Free Ireland Network   active campaign, significant on the European scene
https://www.facebook.com/GMfreeIreland
SOS - save our seeds  European campaign against GM contamination of the seed market
http://www.saveourseeds.org/en.html
Campaign against GM crops  Soil Association is a major UK certifier of organic products
http://www.soilassociation.org/gm
Munlochy GM Vigil  Highland campaign against local trials; global links
http://www.munlochygmvigil.org.uk
GENET  European NGO network on genetic engineering
http://www.genet-info.org

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